Placing Stock Orders
for Penny Stocks


This sub-topic called, Placing Stock Orders, is the last page of the last section of this free website called, extraordinaryinvestor.com.  After this page is the Congratulations Page for all those who made it this far.

If you are still with me, then you have gained invaluable knowledge about the extraordinary strategies that help you create successful penny stock trades.


Some of the things you studied on this site are:

  • correct philosophy - the foundation on which all strategies work together in Your Mind of Understanding for good
  • identifying and understanding the potential risks of penny stock trading
  • avoiding and even profiting from the risks of penny stock trading
  • strategies for taking advantage of the risks others take
  • parameters for identifying, targeting and screening high potential sleeper rocket stocks
  • strategies to help you read between the lines of fundamental info
  • all that encompasses the Investor Advantage
  • the mysterious 6th sense of Extraordinary Penny Stock Investing.

In summary, you have studied how it's possible for you to create low risk consistent profits from trading penny stocks correctly.

So, for those of you still with me, you are now studying the last page of the extraordinary investor lessons.  If this is a sad or even scary thought for you, be at peace. . . 

After this last page, I include the Congratulations Page with information that may be of interest to you.

Beyond that, my intention is for us, all of us, to remain in communication with each other - linked together - for mutual support and assistance.  My desire is to accomplish this link through an extraordinaryinvestor.com blog. 

In addition, I will offer further assistance by means of the Blue Button if you so choose.


In this last section, Placing Stock Orders, you will specifically study what is called the Trade Order Ticket, which can also be called an Order Ticket or Trade Ticket or Stock Order Ticket, or even a Securities Order Ticket.

While the Order Ticket is used for many different types of securities, this sub-topic's only interest is in trading stocks, and specifically penny stocks.  That is why I will use the term Stock Order Ticket most of the time.  That is also why, Placing Stock Orders, is the most appropriate title for the subtopic.

You will become more familiar with the different parameters of the trade order ticket most effective when placing stock orders the extraordinary way.


You will study the correct way to: 

• place penny stock orders online

• place trades by phone with a live broker

• use the various parameters in a trade ticket

• use trade parameter strategies for profitable penny stock trades


The margin account and margin orders will be briefly discussed as this relates to penny stock trading.


Do not skip this section, even if you have traded stocks for years.  

Why?  Placing stock orders for penny stocks may provide an environment that your mind can use to develop greater understanding of the best strategies to trade penny stocks for solid profits.  That happens to me when I least expect it.  

So, just go ahead and read it.  This is the last sub-topic of the last section.  This sub-topic is presented in the context of extraordinary investing, which specializes in profiting from penny stock trading. So make it count for you.


Placing Stock Orders - Terms

In this section, major terms you will study are the following:

  • Stock Order Ticket
  • Buy Order
  • Sell Order
  • Short Order
  • Market Order
  • Limit Order
  • Types of Stop Orders
  • Logical Orders
  • Open Order
  • Active Order
  • Closed Order
  • Fill / Trade Execution
  • Partial Fill
  • Trade Balance
  • And much more

The Buy Order 

A Buy Order is a Bid Order:  When placing stock orders that are "buy orders," you are bidding on shares of stock either "at the market", or at a certain "limit" price you choose to purchase the shares for.  

With a buy order, you are planning to buy shares at the lowest price you can get, and then sell them at the highest price you can get for the greatest profit.  

The difference between what you bought the shares of stock for and price you sold them for is your gross profit.

  • The most you can earn from a buy order is potentially unlimited
  • The most you can lose is capped at the total amount you purchased the shares for if the stock plummets to zero.

A Sell Order 

When placing stock orders that are called "Sell Orders," you are 'asking' a certain price you are willing to sell your shares for.  So a Sell Order is an Ask Order.  

If you are placing stock orders to sell shares of stock at a future time, then that is called a stop order.  Various types of stop orders are used to sell your shares in the future.  

Stop orders are also used to buy back shares of stock at a future time for the Short Order.  

We will learn more about stop orders and short orders as we continue on this page.

With the sell order, you are trying to sell the shares for a higher price then you previously purchased them for, and so profit.


A Short Order 

Short selling or "Going Short," is a type of sell order on shares you borrowed from your broker (if available) and then sold by you, and that you must 'buy back' later and give back to your broker.  

The short order gives you the ability to profit when you buy the shares back at a lower price then you originally sold them for.  

The difference between the hopefully higher price you sold those borrowed shares for and the hopefully lower price you bought back the shares is your profit.  

You need a margin account to trade shorts because you are borrowing shares from your broker - which has an 'at the market' monetary value.

Once you buy the shares back at, hopefully, a lower price than you sold them for, the shares are returned to the lender - your broker. 

• When you originally sold the shares from your broker, the proceeds from the sale went into your account.  

• Once you buy back those shares, that amount is subtracted from your account.  

• If you buy back shares at a price that is lower than what you originally sold them for, then you profited by the difference.

• If your buy back share price is higher than when you sold those shares for, then you lost money on that trade.

100% is the most you can possibly earn from buying back the shorted shares if the stock plummets to zero.

The most you can lose is potentially infinite, if the price of the stock continues to rise.  The price of the stock can rise extremely fast, even limiting up, in a short squeeze.  

A short squeeze is created by the following circumstances:

  1. buyers see on the charts all the shorts placed on a stock with high potential.  
  2. buyers see that the stock is being unfairly depressed.  
  3. buyers scramble to buy up shares of that stock at artificially low prices.
  4. This buying overwhelms the number of shares being sold and so causes the share prices to rocket upward. 

Shorting stocks is very risky and the possible profit is limited to only 100%.  I do not recommend going short with penny stocks until you are already successful trading penny stocks long.  


Stock Order Ticket

The Stock Order Ticket is a type of contract you use online to

  • create and then submit an order to sell or buy stocks.
  • set stops, which are types of limit sell orders or limit buy back orders for stocks you already own.
  • place logical orders, on your broker account, if your broker offers logical orders.  
  • cancel or change an order to buy or sell that has not been filled yet.  So long as the buy, sell or short stock order remains open/unfilled, you may change the parameters at any time for free. 

For instance, for buy or sell orders that are still open (not filled), you may desire to change the limit price of your stock order. or the number of shares, or the time limit the order remains in effect.

You may similarly modify any stop orders at any time with the stock order ticket, so long as the stop order is still open (not filled).

All of these terms and parameters will be described in detail as we continue.

In essence, with the trade ticket, you set the broker available parameters and conditions of the contract you make for the buying and selling securities.  


A reminder on the Stock Order Ticket

This site deals only with the trading of stocks, specifically micro and nano cap stocks, which we call penny stocks.  So, we are discussing the stock order ticket, and its conditions and parameters, in that light. This remains true even if I call the stock order ticket a 'trade order ticket,' or other such names we covered for the order ticket.

The specifics of placing stock orders will be discussed as you continue.


Submit / Active / Open

When you place a stock order ticket, you did not buy or sell any shares yet.  Rather, you "submitted" an order ticket to buy or sell shares of a particular stock.  


After your trade order ticket is submitted or placed, 

  • your order becomes an "open" and "active" order if you placed a "market order," because your order will be filled at the market price - whatever that may be - when you place your order.  If no shares are trading at any price at the time you place your market order then your market order remains open and also active.
  • your order becomes an "open order" if "limit order," but only becomes "active" when or if your limit price is met.  Your limit price becomes the trigger that activates a potential trade only when share prices meet your limit price.  
  • The same principle applies to stop orders.  The Limit Order and Stop Orders will be discussed in more detail later.

Trade Execution / Fill

You actually bought or sold shares of stock if or when your stock order is executed (trade execution).  

A trade execution could be a "fill"  or a "partial fill" on your trade order. The specifics on the "fill" and "partial fill" will all be explained as we continue.

So, when a trade is "executed", that means your trade order was filled, or at least partially filled.


Online Trading

Placing stock orders online is very simple.  The stock order ticket is, thankfully, self explanatory. . .

On your broker site, is one small sentence called the "stock order ticket," which is also called a trade ticket, order ticket, or trade order ticket. 

On that order ticket sentence are perhaps boxes with drop down menus to choose or click on the directives available for your trade.

Here outlined are the directives (parameters) in the general order you are likely to see them listed on a basic trade order on your broker website... 

buy or sell

The type of order - with a drop down menu showing types of orders like, at the market, limit order, sell order, and stop order are most common.  

Other types of orders exist, including various types of logical orders.  As we continue, I will describe some basic orders and their functions, including the market order, limit order, stop orders, and the logical order

At what price? (Used with limit and stop orders only)

The quantity of shares - How many shares you desire to purchase or sell.

The stock symbol or Ticker Symbol

• How long you want the trade order to remain in affect (only used for limit orders and stop orders).  Day order and Good-Til-Cancelled (GTC) are most common.

What was just listed are the trade order pieces of information - the parameters and conditions - included on a basic trade order form or ticket online when placing stock orders.


The Price and Time Parameters of the Trade Order

I would like to briefly comment on the price and time parameters and their purpose  when placing stock orders before continuing...

The "At what price" and the time parameters - "Day Order" and "GTC" - are only used with various types of Limit or Stop Orders and NOT for basic Market Orders to buy or sell.  

Why no price and time parameters with Market buy or Market sell Orders? 

Because, "At The Market" orders are filled at the market price at the very time shares become available to fill your order.  So the Market itself sets the price and time you will get a fill on your order ticket.

So, if or when there is an active market for your stock, and enough shares exist to fill your order, then you will be filled at that time, and at whatever the price the stock might be trading at that moment. 

Most stocks, even most penny stocks on the OTC BB, are traded actively enough so that a market order will be filled at the going market price at the time of trade execution, within seconds.


OTCBB and Pink sheets stocks - Market Orders 

Some OTCBB and many Pink Sheet stocks can be very thinly traded.

Some Pink Sheet stocks may not trade for a week or more; so, when placing stock orders at the market (which means to be filled "at the market"), you may not actually get filled that day, because no active market exists for that stock on that day.  

Market Orders are only good for that trade day.  So, if trading does not occur on the OTC stock that day, you will not get filled.

If only a few shares are traded for that stock that day, then there may only be enough shares available to partially fill your market order.  

You may also get several partial fills that trading day on your market order as more shares become available for the thinly traded stock.

Actually, many brokers will not allow market orders of any kind on Pink Sheet stocks, or even OTCBB stock, due to the risks - which I will describe in more detail when I discuss Market Orders in more detail.


Short Trade Order vs Long Trade Order

Placing stock orders for shorting stocks involve sell orders and buy orders. 

A Short position is a sell position on shares of stock you borrowed from your broker.  

You sell the borrowed shares at a high, and are hoping to make money when or if the stock's share price trend plummets.  Then you place a buy order to buy back the borrowed shares, hopefully at a profit.  

If the trade is good, then the difference between the Sell Price and the Buy Back price is your profit.


A "Long" position is a buy position - you buy shares of a stock at a low hoping to make money as the stock's share price trend rises and then sell them at a profit.


Trading Online using a Stock Order Ticket vs. Placing Stock Orders with a Live Broker

All that we discussed so far has to do with trading on an online broker account using the Trade Ticket.

In the next heading, "Broker Assisted Trading," I will discuss how to verbally express your order to a live broker should you require a broker to assist in placing an order by phone, or in person.


Broker Assisted Trading

I will first break down, part by part, the essentials you must verbally say to your broker when placing stock orders. After that, I will put it all together in one neat sentence.

When placing stock orders in person or by phone with a live broker, whether buying or selling shares, here is what you say in the general order as described below:

Do you want to buy or sell?

  • If buying, say, "buying"
  • If selling, say, "selling"

Type of Order?  

  • If a market order, say "At the Market"
  • If limit order, say "at a limit of" and then the price "$$" you are willing to buy or sell shares for?

Number of shares?

  • Say the 'number of shares' you want to buy or sell.

Which Stock?

  • Say the ticker symbol of the stock

Where financial market does the stock originate?

  • Say the stock exchange or the OTC market the stock is traded. 

What is your time limit if you are placing a limit order?

  • Say "Day Order," if you want the trade order open for the day only  
  • Say "Good-Til-Cancelled" (GTC), which means your remains open until filled, or you cancel it, or if the time limit for the GTC maxes out.

These are the directives you should include when verbally placing stock orders, on a basic stock market order or a limit order, to a live stock broker.  


Placing Stock Orders with a Live Broker - Putting it all together

Okay, all the directives were briefly outlined when placing stock orders with a live broker.  

Now I will give you the actual Words in one sentence You use when placing stock orders by phone with a Live Broker...


Live Broker Limit Buy Order

Here is what you say by phone (a hypothetical order) to "buy" (bid) for Limit Orders. 

Buying 10,000 shares at a limit of $$ per share of ABC on the NASDAQ, good til cancelled (GTC), or "for the day" or "day order" for a day order.

When placing stock orders by phone with a live broker, that is all you say to place a limit buy order.

  

Live Broker Limit Sell Order

When placing stock orders, here is what you say by phone (a hypothetical order) to sell (ask) for a Limit Order:

Selling 10,000 shares at a limit of "$$" for stock ABC on the NASDAQ at 25 cents a share, good for the day (day order). OR, good through whatever date you choose.  OR an unspecified date (Good-Til-Cancelled).

That is all you say to place a Limit Sell Order (also called a limit stop order) by phone with a live broker.


Live Broker Market Buy or Sell Order

When Placing Stock Orders by Phone with a Live Broker using a Market Order, you say...

Buying/Selling 10,000 shares of ABC on the NASDAQ at the market.

That is all you say, when placing a Buy or Sell Market Order by phone.


Live Broker Basic Stop Order to Sell (for longs) or Buy Back (for shorts) at a certain price at the Market

You say...

Selling (for long position) or Buying Back (for short position) 10,000 shares of ABC on the NASDAQ at a price of $$


Parameters of a Trade Ticket discussed when Placing Stock Orders

The following information describes in more detail the different parameters you can enter into a trade ticket, and precautions as well as good advice and strategies as to how to take best advantage of them when trading penny stocks.


Market Order, Limit Order, Day Order and GTC options 

MARKET ORDER - Explained

Market Order (at-the-market) and Price/Time Parameters when placing stock orders

If your trade is a buy or sell Market Order, there are no price limits that you enter on a trade ticket, because your order is filled at the going price (at the market), which is any price the stock is trading at that moment in time.  

  • The Market itself determines the price of your Market Order.

With a buy or sell Market Order there are no Day Order or GTC options, because your order is filled at the going market price - "at the market."

  • The Market itself determines the time of your Market Order.

Your Market Order thus becomes Open and Active upon placing it.


How and When a Market Order is Filled

For a Market Order, you agree to purchase shares traded at the going market price at the time you place your order.  So, your Market Order is available to get filled at the going share price at that point in time that you submit your trade order ticket.

If enough shares are trading (at any price) to fill or partial fill your order, then your trade will be executed.  

• So, your market order could be filled within seconds after placing the order on an actively traded stock.

• Your market order may also be filled later in the day as shares of stock become actively traded to fill your order on a thinly traded stock.  

• You will definitely get a fill, or perhaps a partial fill, or multiple partial fills at different prices as long as the stock is being traded, and there are enough buy or sell orders to meet the demand to fill or partial fill your order for that trading day at any price and as soon as shares become available.  

Why a Market Order may Not get filled right away? - review in more detail

A market order may not be filled if the thinly traded stock is not being traded at that time.  For instance, for very thinly traded stocks, minutes or hours or even days or weeks could go by before one or more traders place orders to sell or buy shares of that stock.

To tell you the truth, some stocks (which you will not be trading) are just shell companies that do not even trade but once every few months to a year, or years.

In addition, if (for instance) you are one of many who have a market buy order, but only a few sell orders exist for the stock, you may not get a fill, because someone else got filled first, or you may get filled at a far higher price as the demand pushes the stock price upward on this very thinly traded stock.  This is called a "trade imbalance. . .  

In other words, not enough supply of sell orders was available to meet the buy demand for shares of that thinly traded stock for all those holding buy order.

This dilemma can occur for At the Market Sell or Buy Orders or a basic Stop Order on thinly traded stocks.


At the Market could be a price that you were not expecting, especially with thinly traded stocks, or erratically moving trends.

You may get filled at a price you had not desired simply because the price of the stock moved so quickly - not enough buy or sell orders at the price levels you hoped for.  

Then again, the prices may be moving in such a way that your market order was filled at a better price than you anticipated.  

In any case, a market order is usually filled or executed within seconds, at the market, at the going share price when shares of stock are available to trade.


Market Orders and Penny Stocks - Warning!  

Never use a Market Order with Penny Stocks!

When placing stock orders, remember my past warnings to NEVER use a market order when trading penny stocks. If you do, you will not likely get the best price, because market makers may play with your order.  

As well, you may actually get filled at the next highest price level at that point in time, "at the market," on a thinly traded penny stock, which could actually be $1000 per share or far more on a penny stock that is normally trading at 5 cents or even fractions of a penny!  

Real Life Example:  I saw the next available market price level on a penny stock going for $25,000 a share on a very thinly traded stock that normally trades in the sub-pennies.  I wouldn't want to buy a sub penny stock for $25,000 per share.  Too late, if you placed a market order, and if you had enough money in your account to fill the order.

That is why most brokers will not let you trade shares of pink sheet stocks, and OTC stock in general, "at the market."  

So please, no Market Orders.  


Limit Order is YOUR insurance

Use a Limit Order to protect yourself, even if you make your Limit Order at a price equal to the going market price at the time you place the order.


LIMIT ORDER

Always use a Limit Order when placing stock orders (buy or sell) with penny stocks (micro-cap or nano-cap stock).   

Even if your limit price is at the current market price at that moment, always use limit orders to protect yourself.  No telling for sure what the share price will be the next moment.

No matter where the penny stock trades, whether on the OCT BB, Nasdaq, NYSE, Pink Sheets, or any foreign stock exchange or financial market, always use a limit order.

This is your insurance, to protect your trade from sudden negative market influences affecting the share price, or affecting your trade in general.


Limit Order - Time Frame

When placing stock orders, if the trade is a Limit Order, how long do you want the trade order to be active? 

• For the day only, say "day order" or "for the day."

• For a Good-Til-Cancelled order (GTC), say "Good-til-Cancelled." 

You can also set a more exact time frame the limit trade order remains in effect, but not to exceed the GTC time frame the broker authorizes.


Once your Penny Stock Limit Order is Placed, what happens?

Once you are placing stock orders as limit trade orders, your orders is open. 

Your broker will attempt to execute (fill) each of your trade orders at the best price, if and when the limit price for each stock is reached.  

Once your limit price is reached on a stock order, your trade order become active as your broker attempts to fill your order at your limit price or better.

Your broker may attempt to fill your order on one or more of several financial markets on which your stock symbol is traded; for instance: 

  • on an Auction Exchange with an Auction Specialist (NYSE and NYSE Exchanges), 
  • on a Broker-Dealer Market with a Market Maker (Nasdaq, OTC BB, Pink Sheets), 
  • on an ECN (Electronic Communications Networks), 
  • on a Regional Stock Exchange that is trading your stock
  • Your broker may also fill your stock order with shares available from its own inventory, if you allow that option to your broker. 

In this way, your broker will attempt to get the best price for you when your limit price is reached.  

Your broker also may seek to gain a commission from that financial market or market maker for using them.  So you may not get the absolute best price due to the commission enticement, but close enough for Extraordinary Investing purposes.


How Limit Orders are Filled

• When placing stock orders with the Limit Buy Order, your trade order will only be filled if share prices trade at or below (better than) the limit price you set for a buy order (bid).

• If placing stock orders with a Limit Sell Order, your trade order will only be filled if share prices trade at the price or greater than (better than) your limit.  

In this way, your trade is always filled at a price equal to or "better than" the limit bid or ask on your trade order.  

In other words, you are suppose to get the best price for your limit order after your order is placed. In reality, you may not get the absolute best price, but never over the limit price you set.


Limit Price is Your Insurance and Trading Strategy

Your Limit Price is the price condition You set to protect Your trade and insure you are not filled at any other price beyond the one you set for your trading strategy.

The Limit Order prevents your order from being filled beyond the quote price you include in your trade order.

However, if possible, your broker should attempt to get the best share price for you at the time you place the order, which may easily be at least a little better than the price limit you set, if available.


When Limit Order is Filled

When placing stock orders, your Limit Order is only filled if or when your bid or ask is met or crossed and if there are enough shares available to fill or partial fill your order at your limit price or better at a certain point in time within the day, or a given number of days for a GTC order.  

So, your order may be filled right away if the share prices move in the direction of your trade order limit price.  

Or your Limit Order may be 

• filled in the future,

• not get filled at all if your limit price is never reached

• multiple partial fills throughout the day at different prices, if your limit price is reached, or better, multiple times in a sideways trending stock

• multiple partial fills throughout many days, if your limit price is reached, or better, multiple times on a GTC order.

Why? Even though shares of a stock may trade at the price you desire (whether a market order or limit order) there is no guarantee you will get filled at your limit price or better, or that you will get all of your order filled at one time. . .  

Why?  

• Perhaps not enough shares trading at your limit price (supply and demand).  

• Perhaps other orders were placed before yours was and, therefore, other orders were filled with the shares that were available at that limit price before your order could be filled, (Not enough shares to go around at your price.)

Only so many shares are being sold or bought at each price level. Maybe there is a lot of trading at one price level, but very little trades occuring on another price level - the price you were hoping to get filled at.  This kind of price level activity occurs commonly with penny stocks, or any stock that is actively trending, or thinly traded.


Fill Order Confirmation on Your Trade Order

After placing stock orders with a live broker or your broker online trade desk, your hope is to be filled on all your orders.  

With an order that was filled, you will eventually get a confirmation of that fill by email and/or on your broker acct that your order went through.  This is true whether your trade order was to buy or sell shares of stock using an online broker or live broker.  

If you are placing stock orders over the phone with a live broker, to buy or sell at the market, then the broker will likely stay on the line with you until your orders are filled, which takes only seconds on a normally active stock, but could seem like an eternity on a time-sensitive trade.  

  ✓ Remember not to use market orders with penny stocks to protect your investment.


Broker Commissions on Fill and Partial Fills - Within the Day and Over Multiple Days

• Each day that goes by in which a portion of your order is filled (buy or sell order) is considered a separate order and separate commission.  

• If all shares on your stock order are filled the same day, even if partial fills at various periods of the same trading day, even at different prices, then that is considered one trade order, and you only pay one commission.

• Any trade order that is filled within the same trading day is considered one order, thus one commission.  This is true for buy or sell orders.

• On partial fills, you will not likely get all partial fills executed at the same price, but all share prices will be at or better than the limit price you set.


Broker Commissions on Fills of a Trade order over Many Days can really Ad Up!

If you have a deep discount broker with commissions of $2 to $4, then you will not be killed by excessive commissions for your trade orders that are filled a little at a time over a period of many days.  

However, at or near a $10 commission, you may lose some significant potential profits, or oven lose some of your principle too, if your order is filled over many days!

For instance, let's say you get partial fills on your trade order for 10 days at $10 commission per day.  10 X $10 = $100.  That equals $100 in Broker Commissions just to fill your original trade order to buy so many shares of XYZ.  If you accumulate many orders like this over the year, then you will lose thousands of dollars in potential profits.

You have to figure out whether being filled on a stock order over many days is worth it in potential profits.


Types of STOP ORDERS -

  • Stop Order
  • Stop Order to lock in profits
  • Stop-Loss Order to stop out of losing trade
  • Stop Buy orders (for Short Positions)
  • Trailing-Stop orders

All types of stop orders are allowed by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for OTCBB stocks or even Pink Sheet stocks. However, many good brokers do not allow stop orders with any OTC stocks, just as they will not allow market orders on such stocks.

Why? 

  1. Penny stocks are notorious for wild swings in share prices that can easily knock out your stops.  
  2. Market Makers, who are out to make money too, are aware of your stops and will stop you out if they can before allowing the stock to continue a favorable trend.
  3. If your stop is in place after the market closes, then after hours trading could limit the price of the stock way past your stop price when the market opens again, thus stopping you out far more unfavorably than what you had intended.  Then within seconds or minutes after the market opens, the stock price will correct again, but not until you already were stopped out at a significant loss.

So, you really have to know penny stocks and how to use stop orders effectively with them to limit losses and increase profits.

just2trade expects that if you use their firm, that you are already a professional with years of experience trading all kinds of stocks.  So, just2trade does allow stop orders with all penny stocks, and will not hinder your trading experience with all kinds of restrictions as do most other brokers.


Blue Button Pass Code 7th Digit:   7


Stop Orders

Stop Orders are Sell Order.

Stop Orders can also be Buy Back Orders for Shorts.  The name "stop order" is used to differentiate between different uses for the sell order. 

In other words, the sell order you place takes on different names to describe your strategy for using it.


Stop Orders - the Purpose

Okay, so now you are placing stock orders and getting fills on them.

After getting fills on your Stock Trade ticket(s), you may want to go back and place one of several sell or buy back orders that you want to occur when a certain share price is crossed... These types of orders are called stop orders. 

Stop orders give you the ability to set up an order to sell or buy back any number of shares of your stock in the future at a certain price to to protect profits and minimize losses.  That is the purpose of the various stop orders.

Let us take a look at these types of stock orders you could use, and the functions and strategies for using each of them...


Stop Order (Stop Market Order)

The basic stop order is a stop market order, which can be used for a short or long position.  

With this kind of stop, you will get filled at the market on a stock when your stop price is crossed, whether for a long postion or a short position.

The stop price is called a trigger, because, when your stop is reached, it activates or triggers a buy or sell order for the stock you currently own.


This type of Stop order is used to protect profits on a

• Stop Sell Order - for a long (buy) position.

• Stop Buy Order - for a short (sell) position


Your "fill" price on the stop order may be at the stop price you set, or maybe a little below or a litter higher then that price.

This is so because, once your stop is crossed, the order fills at-the- market, unless you specify a Stop Limit Order, which we will discuss shortly.

✓  Stop Orders are NOT to be confused with Market Orders that you use when placing stock orders to buy or sell shares of stock.

The "Stop Order" is a sell order on shares you already own, but its purpose is to protect profits and prevent losses in the future on shares you already own.  

Stop Orders can be use for both the Long (buy position) or a Short (sell position).  

So the Stop Order is used to 

  • sell (for long orders) 
  • buy back (for shorts) 

shares of stock at the market if or when the price you set for the stop order is crossed. 

Once again, this stop is put in place by you to protect your profits, or to prevent losses should the stock begin to trade unfavorably.  Once that happens, then your stop is meant to protect you from losing more money, or to lock in profits.  When the stop price you set is crossed, it acts as a trigger to stop out of that trade. 


Placing Stock Orders - the Stop Limit Order

Stop Limit Orders are just like Stop orders, except the Stop Limit Order is NOT filled At the Market.  Rather...

A Stop Limit Order is filled a the limit price you set, or better (a better price), but only if your limit price is hit and shares are available at that time.  Remember your previous study of the Limit Order, and how it differs from a market order, as noted earlier on this page.

  • A Stop Limit Order gets filled at the limit you set, or better, but only if the limit price is reached.
  • A Stop Limit Order can be used to buy back (for shorts), or to sell (for longs) at the limit price you set or better.

Placing Stock Orders - Strategies for Stop Orders

The main strategies of which all stop orders can be used are to prevent losses and/or protect profits.

For instance, 

• A Stop Order may be used to lock in profits of a profitable trending stock, should the trend begin to reverse.

• A "Stop-Loss" order may be used to prevent further losses should the share price continue to trend unfavorably.


Stop Order Risks

Warnings for the stop order and stop-loss order when placing stock orders. . .

After hours trading can be extremely erratic with penny stocks.  For instance, share prices may dip or rise 50% or even far more within seconds before the market opens for regular trading, but will quickly recover to realistic prices perhaps seconds or minutes after the market opens.  

Such erratic trends of after hours trading can be risky for you if you put a stop order in that is still in place after the market closes. You could be stopped out of a good trade the next day as the market opens and lose substantial principle, only to see the share prices rise to realistic levels, or better, shortly after the market opens.

I personally use stop orders and stop-loss sparingly and carefully when trading penny stocks. I do the best I can to insure my penny stock choice is high potential; yet, realize the share price will likely dip significantly just before a rocket trend.  I don't want to be stopped out of that trade after all the work I did setting up that trade. 

What I do use stop orders for is to stop out, or sell, a position at a price I feel the shares are most likely to trend up to at some point in the future.  I use this strategy when I do not have time to watch the stock every moment.  I want to catch that rocket trend when it occurs, even if I am not watching the stock.


Placing Stock Orders - the Trailing Stop Order

Trailing Stop is a Trailing Stop Market Order unless designated as something different, like a Trailing Stop Limit Order.  

The "stop value" will either be a certain amount of money $, or a certain percentage %, you set to trail the share price of a favorable trend. More details on this as we continue.

Can Trailing Stops be used with Short and Long Orders?

• The trailing stop can be set to buy back shares of your stock once the stop is crossed for a "Short Order."

• The trailing stop can be set to sell shares of your stock once the stop is crossed for a "Long Order."


The Trailing Stop is like the Stop Order in that it is used to protect profits should a profitable trend turn unfavorable.  

  • Both of these types of orders stop you out of a trade at your trigger price should the price trend turn unfavorable.  
  • Both types of stops can be used to prevent losses from a profitable stock trend.  
  • Both have stops that stop you out of a trade at the market, after your "stop value" is crossed.  

How then does the Trailing Stop Order differ from the Stop Order?

The answer has to do with the "stop value."  

For the Stop Order, the Stop Value is the best set share price you will allow your trade to continue before you are stopped out of the trade, if or when the trend turns unfavorable.    

For the Trailing Stop Order, the Stop Value is NOT a set share price as with the stop order. Rather a trailing stop is a floating stop that follows or trails a favorable share price trend by an amount of money or percent that you set. . . 

For instance, you may want your trailing stop to trail the share price on a favorable trend by 12 cents.  So the trailing stop will always maintain a 12 cent distance below the favorable side of the share price as it trends favorably.  

For instance

• on a long trade, your 12 cent trailing stop would trail 12 cents below the current share price.

• On a short trade, your 12 cent trailing stop would trail 12 cents above the current share price.

If or When the trend begins to trade unfavorably, then the trailing stop you set of 12 cents turns into a set stop that will stop you out of that trade if the stop is crossed. That is how the trailing stop protects your trade from losses.  So, the trailing stop will not trail an unfavorable trend.

If your trailing stop value (which became as stop when the trend was unfavorable) is not crossed, and if the favorable trend resumes, then the stop resumes as the orginal trailing stop of 12 cents.

• So, the trailing stop trails the share price by whatever amount you set as the trend remains favorable, 

• and allows you to continue holding shares as the trend is profitable, 

• but acts as a protective stop whenever the trend turns unfavorable, 

• and will stop you out of a trade if the stop is crossed.

• Since this order is "at the market," you could be filled at your stop or a little above or below your stop.

✓ As with all other stops, you may reset the value of your trailing stop at any time, as long as the trade is still open.


Here is one more example of how this all works in a "long" trade...

Let's say you are long on a nice trending stock and are making some good profits.  The stock recently jumped from $3 to $3.50 per share and continues to rise.  You want to protect most of your profits should the stock begin to reverse trend, but your hope is that the favorable trend continues.  

So what you do is put an order to stop out of that stock 15 cents lower than the favorable trend share price, whatever that share price may rise to.  

Therefore, the 15 cent stop is set to trail the stock share price by 15 cents as it soars ever higher, until the trend reverses (turns unfavorable) and crosses your 15 cent trailing stop, at which time your trade is stopped out (sold) at or near your trailing stop of 15 cents. 

What such an order does is allow you to keep profiting off that trending stock to whatever price it keeps trending.  And you will only be stopped out of that trend should the share price reverse trend and cross the 15 cent stop you placed.  

So what that 15 cent stop does is trail every cent that the shares increase by 15 cents, and will always maintain that 15 cent trail behind the share price as it trends favorably.  

If or when the share price trend reverses, the 15 cent trailing stop turns into a stop. That 15 cent stop will stop you out of the trade if that reverse trend crosses the 15 cent stop.

That 15 cent stop you placed to trail a good trending stock is called a "Trigger"  So, once the Trigger is crossed, the stock trade is then stopped out, and your stock position is sold.  

However, if not enough shares are available to fill your stop at one price level, then you will continue to get fills at different price levels until your order is completely sold out.

As a strategy, you may only want a particular trailing stop on part of your stock position and another type of stop on another part of your position, or whatever.  You never have to make any kind of order an all or nothing deal unless that is what you want.


Trailing Stop $

This type of trailing stop trails your stock trend by a set amount of money, as we previously just described.


Trailing Stop %

This type of trailing stop trails your stock trend by a set percentage of the value of the current share price of your stock as it trends favorably. This percent trailing stop you set yourself, just like the Trailing Stop $.  

For instance. . .

For a long position, if I set the trailing stop % to 10%, then the trailing stop value will be a price that is 10% below whatever share price is trading at that moment.

For a short position, the 10% stop value you set will trial 10% above the price of whatever the shares are trading at that moment.

The Trailing Stop % Works the same as the "Trailing Stop $" in all other aspects outlined for that stop.


Trailing Stop Limit Order

Works just like the Trailing Stop Order, except that this type of trailing stop will stop you out of your trade at your stop price or better rather than at the market.

At the Market is filled at any price after your stop trigger value is crossed, which could be a price that is a little less or a little more than your stop value.

Stop Limit stops you out at the price you set or better than the stop value you set, once your trigger value is hit.

I know of extraordinary investors that use trailing stops quite a bit. I use them not as much. So it's up to your personality and style.

If you do use a stop on your order, you must determine if you want a trailing stop or a basic stop order.  

Remember though that no stocks trade in a straight line up or down. Mini ups and downs in share prices occur all the time even as the shares are trending up explosively or trending down.  

Penny stocks are notorious for highly wild swings in share prices compared to other stocks.  That means that using stops with penny stocks carry the risk of you being stopped out of a good trade too early.  So, don't let yourself be stopped out of a super trade.  

Set your stop appropriately for the stock to protect profits yet prevent you from being stopped out too soon.  Rather than set a stop, you may want to monitor the stock yourself.  

Whatever you do, you want to realistically gauge the fluctuations in trading activity just before, and as, the stock begins to explode.  This comes with experience.


Placing Stock Orders - Speed of Execution (Fill)

After placing stock orders, the speed of execution is important but not imperative for you.

Speed of excecution (fill) is not as major a priority with limit orders as with market orders.  Even so, the time it takes for a broker to execute a trade at your limit price on an actively traded stock on any financial market could range from millionths of a second to around 10 seconds.  

The average time of execution for online brokers is 7.5 seconds for the Exchanges. 

To tell you the truth, when placing stock orders, I would rather have my trade order tickets executed at my limit prices within the lowest possible time on actively traded stocks so as to avoid most of the under-the-table dealings of brokers and market makers when handling my orders. Such 'dealings' could shave off nearly 1 percent, sometimes more, off a best possible fill for my limit trade orders.

With a quickly executed trade order, I hope to get the better or truly best price on my limit order rather than just the limit price I placed.  

So, find a good broker that executes trades very quickly so as to avoid the play that occurs with trade stock orders.  Even so, since I am not after tiny fraction percent profits, this is not a really big issue. Even a 1% loss on profits is not going to kill me.

Just2Trade boasts the quickest executions of trades that beats the average by far - better than any other online broker I am aware of. This is mainly because they own their own clearing house, so your stock order is not handled by many hands.


Trade Balance and your Trade Order

When placing stock orders, make sure you have the money in your trade account to cover them.  

In other words, whatever the order (At the Market, Day Order, Limit Order), be sure you can afford it before you make the call to your broker.  Know the total price of the shares plus the commission you owe divided into the amount of accessible investing money in your Trade Account.

With an online broker account, using a trade order ticket, you really don't have to know if you have enough money to place the order, because the order ticket will not go through if you do not have the money in your account to fill it.  So that is convenient.  

As well, before submitting the trade ticket, the ticket will likely automatically show you the total cost of the transaction before you actually place the order.


No Margin Orders with a Margin Account on Penny Stocks. . . Trade within your means

You do not need to leverage your money with penny stocks when placing stock orders. Doing so is extremely risky!  If the share prices trend against you, you could lose quite a bit of money.  You could potentially owe money to your broker that you cannot afford to pay, or at least lose a good portion of the profits you earned from all your winning trades that year.  

Penny stocks are already leveraged because of the huge percentage swings in share prices of which penny stocks are notorious for.  That is what makes penny stocks so appealing to extraordinary investors and trading pigs too.  So, keep your trading simple, less stressful, and fun.


No Short Orders Until You Are Ready

Shorting penny stocks is too risky.  No need to take the added risk. 

Why are shorting penny stocks risky?  When you sell a stock short, then (unlike buying shares) your losses are unlimited if the shares continue to trend up, which they could.  As well, your profits are limited to only 100% if the stock plummets to zero; so, your profit potential is limited to 100% max.

The higher the stock price goes, the more you could potentially lose.

And what if the stock price limits up and you were not expecting it and not watching it?  Your losses could be astronomical.  This is true even if you place a stop limit order, because the share prices could limit up during after hours trading, and then keep trading higher on exceptional news.

If at some future time you desire to take advantage of shorting shares of penny stocks that are eligible to be shorted by your broker, then you are able to make money on stocks that plunge in value after a rocket stock explosive move. 


Bonus Info regarding shorting penny stocks

If the penny stock is a listed stock, then such stock is likely eligible to be shorted by your broker.  If such a penny stock just completed an explosive trend up in a very short period of time, and then has topped and prices are beginning to waver and not able to reach the previous highs, then in 90% of the cases, the stock price will plunge again within the day, days or weeks.  

However a stock plunge after a rocket trend does not always happen. And the stock could continue to rocket upwards after a breather.  Your fundamental research and technical indicators should confirm this to you in most cases.  

So, if you miss an explosive trend up on a penny stock, then in most cases you can still make money shorting the stock as it begins to plunge to more realistic valuations after the feeding frenzy is over.  You need a margin account to short stocks.

Even so, its a toss up as to whether the stock will trade as low or lower than the price it was before the stock turned into a rocket stock.  So, get out of that short position at a reasonable share price somewhere between the starting and ending share prices as it completes a rocket stock trend.


Complex Trading Schemes

To be a successful trader of penny stocks using the extraordinary investor strategies, forget all the complex and risky stuff.  

Instead, learn well how to trade penny stocks successfully using a basic trade order ticket, just as I am showing you here.  

Placing stock orders as a logical order is the exception. if you cannot afford the time to watch your trades, then logical orders can be helpful with penny stock trading.


Fills Review

Short Review and other key info on Fills for Trade Orders

Lets consider some key points on order fills (trade executions)...

After placing stock orders, the time it takes to get a fill on any of those orders (to actually have bought or sold shares of stock) depends on a number of factors.  The two main factors we studied are as follows...

• If you put in a market order to buy or sell (which I do not recommend with penny stocks), then the order will be executed or filled almost instantaneously up to 10 seconds or so as long as the stock is actively traded at that time and enough shares are trading to fill your order.

• If you place a limit order to buy or sell at a certain price, then it could be filled quickly if your limit was set realistically with the going share prices. Otherwise, your limit order will take a while to get filled and may only get partially filled or not filled at all.  This all depends on how the stock trends after you place your limit order.

After placing stock orders with a limit, you can alter your limit price at any time for free while the stock order remains open (unfilled).


Placing Stock Orders - Basic Strategies that Work

Placing stock orders can only create low risk successful or profitable trades consistently by carefully analyzing, and continually monitoring, each of your target stocks against the fundamental and technical value parameters I have repeatedly outlined and detailed throughout this site.

Once your buy or sell order gets a fill, you now have bought or sold some or all the shares of a penny stock from your original trading ticket. 

Once I buy shares, I may already anticipate that a particular penny stock may jump in price from let's say 78 cents to $1.75.  So far, though, the stock is dead in the water.  I have a pretty good idea this will occur soon, but do not have time to watch it.  What do I do?

I could use a trailing stop to trail the price of the stock should it begin trending, and then stop out of it once my stop is met.  But I may be uncomfortable with that strategy because I am concerned that the stock trend may trend wildly on the way up and stop me out before I can make the profits I hoped for.  Plus, many brokers do not allow stops with penny stocks.

What I do is put in a limit sell order (also called a limit stop order), to sell at conservative $1.35.  I hope to get filled at a very realistic level of $1.35 rather than miss the trade altogether or get stopped out, because I did not have time to watch it.

This strategy works quite well.  I make money without even knowing it, and am pleasantly surprised with the extra profits in my account.

I use a similar strategy for buy orders as I do the sell order...

For instance, if I think a penny stock I am following could momentarily plunge in price before a rocket stock trend, then I will set buy limit price perhaps 20% lower than the recent share prices with the mindset that, if I don't get the price I hoped, then so be it.  

Don't ever get bent out of shape emotionally because you missed a buy opportunity on a super stock.  You will only destroy your winner mindset.  Many other fish in the sea.  

Plus, if you keep you limit order intact but move the price up to where it was before it trended up, you may still get the price you hoped for, because the share price may plunge again before turning into a rocket stock.  

Double bottoms are common indicators of price depression just before share prices rocket upwards.  This is true for penny stocks so long as the share prices are already near historic lows and key fundamental indicators are positive. Think ahead and prepare for any possibilities even if it seems remote at the time.


Buying or Selling shares at Different Price levels

As a strategy, when placing stock orders, you may attempt to buy or sell some shares at one price and other shares at another price, etc. It's all up to you.   

Why would you do this?  When selling shares, you may want to play safe and take some profits now, and let the remaining shares ride with the educated hope or feeling that prices could still go much higher. In reality, most of the time share prices do not keep going up after a rocket trend is exhausted.

When buying shares, you may attempt to buy shares at different price levels hoping to get a fill at the best price levels.

This strategy works especially well with thinly traded stocks, because you cannot be sure you will get filled, or completely filled, at the better share prices, so you hope to be filled, or get partial fills, at one or more of the price levels that are close by.


Setting Your Limit at a strategically reasonable price with a GTC order 

When placing stock trades, this is the best general strategy for penny stocks already trading at an all time low, or at a low with strong downward resistance.

Just as with a limit buy order, sometimes your limit sell order is not filled all at the same time and may not be filled at all.  If your order to buy or sell is reasonable with the current share values, then you are more likely to be filled within seconds or minutes, or within the day.

If not favorable, then you may get partial fills or no fills at all at your order limit price.  You could miss out on a super trade.  

You don't want to lose out on getting in on a good trade, so set reasonable buy orders at a good share price.  Don't chase a trend already in progress!


Other Strategies when Placing Stock Orders

As an extraordinary investor placing a GTC order is your best bet 

This is true simply because you are anticipating that the shares may temporarily trade sideways with some dips and troughs for a chance to get great low price fills before the shares finally trend in the direction you planned for.  You are attempting to capture that trend before it begins, and therefore, at the best price possible before it turns into a rocket stock.  

I almost always use a GTC order when placing stock orders.  I price my stock orders mostly in anticipation that a certain better share price will reveal itself in the near future.  With experience, you are better able to judge these things accurately.   Even so, no guarantees here.

By obtaining the best price you can, you are also attempting to limit risk of losses should the fundamentals change and the stock price actually dips instead.

This site shows you how to screen for and target penny stocks that are sleepers poised to explode in value at a not too distant future time.

Even so, nothing is 100% sure, everything changes.  What you are doing by using these strategies is limiting risks for failure, or increasing your odd of success at realistically better prices.  

Please don't quibble over a few cents on a current 75 cent share price on super trade opportunity.  Sure, the stock may keep sliding down, but with such s super trade opportunity, I wouldn't be concerned about a possible loss of 3 cents worth of profits only to lose the trade all together for profits of 20% or more.


No one is perfect - Check Your Work

Always continue to monitor the stocks you are trading for any changes, and to make sure you did not make any errors.  You will make errors and lose money.  

Think of those errors as precious experience - lessons to base future research and trading strategies.


The DUMP before the ROCKET Trend (PUMP) Buy Strategy

Many penny stocks poised to explode will mysteriously dip in share price just before that rocket stock takes off.  

My experience tells me that a super stock that is suppressed in price will likely dip to new lows for seemingly no reason just before it jumps 50% to well over 300%.  So, I will account for a short term drop in share prices into my buy strategy when placing stock orders.

Sometimes a stock I invest in may even dip 15% to 20%.  Does that mean I panic and sell.  That rarely ever happens...

If I cannot trust my research and have confidence in my decision to buy, then I should not be investing to begin with. I gain no pleasure from needless risk taking with my money - creates too much anxiety and disappointments.

Even so, I always monitor the stock carefully for any changes in fundamentals. I also recheck my work for any errors, because I am not perfect, and I could have missed something. Nothing ever remains the same.


Why the Dump before the Pump?

Why do high potential penny stocks commonly dip in share prices before they explode?  

Many times, the media will start a short term stock basher campaign to stop out shaky investors. They may even short that stock for added downward momentum to shake up investors and make them sell.  This causes the share prices of the stock to dip in price temporarily.  

This type of media is most common on guru penny stock sites... They pretend to be helping you when, in fact, they are manipulating their readers, so as to profit off of them.

At that time, the media (marketeers) then buys shares up after the sell off. 

After that, the marketeer promotion and the Pump begins.  They will give a reasonable excuse as to why the stock is now really good and should be bought - but only after they loaded up on the shares they want first.

Another possibility for the dip before the pump has to do with Broker-Dealer (Market Maker) trade strategy and activity for that stock. Remember that Market Makers exist to make money too.  They like to rattle and shake out traders for the same reasons Marketeers do.

And that is why penny stock prices commonly dip just before they rocket upward.  Now that you know this, be aware of it and be courageous in the face of these gimmicks. Take advantage of that dump before the pump.  

Keep in mind though that the dump before the pump is only true for high potential penny stocks that are trading fairly low historically with strong resistance, or that are trading at historically near bottom prices.  

Before placing stock orders on any of your target stocks, be sure that strong downward resistance is intact by monitoring historical technical price action (cycles of price and volume).  Also study the fundamentals like news releases, company report on product development, financing, partnerships, VIP assistance, etc...

If all looks really positive, with VIPs, and financing is there, or if financing is a sure thing on good terms, then the downward resistance is intact fundamentally.  Placing stock orders on these types of stocks create less risk and set you up to profit.  The rewards can be great.


Extraordinay Investor Confidence Based Strategy - Placing Stock Orders with Confidence

If my research is correct, in most instances, the stocks I choose to invest in must go up in due time - within the day and up to about 3 months.  Sometimes I hold the stock over 3 months on a dirt cheap high quality penny stock.  

Now I wait for the media and investors to catch up on what I have already discovered, then the stock will trend up or even soar.  I will reap the harvest in due time in most cases.  

If placing stock orders on one or more of my target stocks does not work out, then I rarely lose money, but I have tied up money in some of those stocks I could have used for other investments.  So, still a loss but easier to take for me.

In many cases, media is already aware of the exciting sleeper stocks I am tracking or investing in.  These marketers may be making preparations to buy it, and then building strategies to market the stock to the public.

The marketeer preparation may take days or weeks to even a month or more before a professional marketeer campaign begins.  This all happens after the marketeer targets the stock.

My strategies for penny stock investing are comparable to the professional gambler, not a risk taker. In other words, I study all the options, and do my homework before ever making that decision to place a buy or sell order for my target stock.  

If I am to do this effectively, the penny stock I invest in must have a good solid history with easy access to all available information on the company behind the stock.  That means I will likely not be investing in Pink Sheet stocks.  OCTBB stock are far better.  Nasdaq stocks are best.

My best risk-hedge is proper preparation before ever investing, and always buying at a "bargain" with very strong resistance on a "high potential" "sleeper" penny stock.  Also placing stock orders on two more more of my target stocks at a time will almost guarantee me that one of my stocks will yield profits that more than make up for the low performing stock.

"High potential" and "bargain" and "sleeper" are determined by a number of key fundamental factors coupled with technical price info - historically and presently.  This key information tells me what I need to know about the company underlying the stock and its historical price action. All this is discussed throughout this site in many ways.  

If you have read this far on this site, then you know what to look for that makes a stock a high potential sleeper rocket stock in the making. This website thoroughly discusses the Extraordinary Strategies of successful/profitable penny stock trading in many ways and forms.


Your Broker Account and Trading Strategies:

Once you open a brokerage account, basic buy and sell strategies will likely be explained in the broker website. The technical trading strategies and programs available do not work well with penny stocks though.  

The most important technical information you require for successful penny stock trading are:

  • historic price and volume info,
  • historic reverse and forward stock split data
  • historic news updates that are date referenced on the stock charts, basic technical patterns, such as tops, bottoms, triangles, head'n shoulders
  • basic chart patterns when confirming fundamental data

What was just listed are most valued technical statistics.  Even so, technical info should only be used to supplement, or as confirmation of, fundamental data before you ever consider placing stock orders on any of them.  


Penny Stock Trends vs Other Stock Trends

Technical info by itself tells you little to nothing about the actual qualities and potential of a penny stock that cause it to trend, or when it will trend, or which way it will trend.  

Why is this?  Because penny stocks usually have no sales and profit statistics of which stock trends heavily rely on.  Penny stock trends are commonly created quickly on an exciting news release or media promotion.  So, penny stock trends commonly appear erratic when using technical indicators.

Technical patterns and indicators work well with stocks that actually have a trend of sales and demand to track. For these types of stocks, technical patterns and indicators can predict future movement.  

Technical patterns, by themselves, are of little value in predicting penny stock trends, because penny stock trends are based, not on real sales and profitability over time, but on speculation of the future potential and value of a number of fundamental factors that were repeatedly listed and discussed throughout this site. 

Penny stock fundamentals can change overnight, so are highly unpredictable.  And since many investors will not follow or invest in such stocks until media promotes them, then such stock trends produce few reliable historic technical patterns that you can trust, and the trends occur quickly from seemingly no where. Rocket Stocks are what such trends are called.  And that is what penny stocks are famous for.

Therefore,

  • Technical price and volume info are vital as a supplement to fundamentals.  You have to be able to gauge price and volume action presently and historically.
  • Technical chart patterns are vital, but only as double confirmation of fundamentals, if the patterns are visible at all.

I am just giving the new investor some basic knowledge and examples that Extraordinary Investors use to capture low risk profits with penny stocks, while taking advantage of the risks others take.


Stock Trading Terms:


Market Orders:  

Shares are purchased (filled) within seconds at the current market price the trade was made. 

Do not use a market order to buy shares of penny stocks.  Most brokers will not even allow you to create market orders for penny stocks - especially on OTC stocks.  These reputable brokers are trying to save you from destroying yourself.  Use limit orders instead.

Do not use a market order to sell shares of penny stocks.  If you do, then how do you know that the moment you place that market sell order, the next share price dived 30% or more, only to swing back up higher than it was before you placed the order?  You will be filled 30% below what you thought you got, simply because you placed a market order.


Limit Orders:  

You protect your trades with limit orders.  Shares are only purchased or sold (filled) at the price you set or better. "or better" means your order to buy or sell could be filled at a price more favorable than the price you set. And that is okay - better deal for you!    :  )


Open Orders:  After placing stock orders, they remain "open" until filled. A fill on an stock order results when your trade order is executed by your broker.  An order is executed when the conditions of your order are met... For instance, your limit price  for a buy or sell order was met, or your stop order stop value was met or crossed.


Active Orders:  After placing stock orders, your order remains open until filled.  Once the conditions for your stock order are met, the stock order becomes "active," in that your broker is actively seeking the best price to fill your order.

Therefore, an active order is on open order that your broker is attempting to execute after your trade order conditions are met by the market.   Such a trade order can be either: 

• a market order

• a limit order with a price that was met or crossed

• a stop order or stop limit order with your set stop value (the trigger) that was met or crossed

• a stop order price may be re-set to another price by you at any time


Stop Orders and Disadvantages of:  

Stop orders can be placed for short or long orders.  You want to stop out of a trade if the trend turns against you, so you don't lose too much money as the unfavorable trend continues.  Such an order is useful to prevent too much investment loss if the share prices trend against you creating losses.


Drawbacks of the Stop Order:

• This does not guarantee that you will be able to sell your shares of a stock at the stop-loss price or threshold since prices may move very quickly or gap down, especially in after hours trading.  

• The shares may momentarily reach your stop order and then trend favorably again; so you could be automatically stopped out of a good trade, plus lose money on that trade in the process - because you were stopped out when the trend went against you.. only to see the price trend favorably again shortly afterwards, insuring that you will not profit off that trend.

Take these risks into account when setting your stop order.  If you really feel good about the stock, you may feel safer setting your stop much lower to account for short term deep fluctuations, which penny stocks are common for, or don't set a stop order at all.


Trailing Stop order ($ or %):  

This is a stop-loss order set to trail the share prices of your stock at a percentage or price level that is

  • Below the current share prices for a Long Position
  • Above the current share prices for a Short Position 

As noted above...

In the case of a long order (after a buy), the trailing stop is set by you as a certain amount of money, or a certain percentage, below the current share price. This is your set stop value.  

Your set stop value then trails your stock's share prices as it trends higher.  The trailing stop will turn into a stop at the very moment your stock begins to reverse trend, and will stop you out of your trade if that stop value (the trigger price) is crossed.  

The Trailing Stop can also be set as a trailing stop limit order.

The trailing stop value may be changed by you at any time  

The trailing stop order is effective and useful in capturing profits of the most recent highs on a trend; yet, limiting losses if the bull trend ends and share prices begin to fall.  So the hope is to lock in profits as prices rise on a long position.  The same is true for a short position.


Day Order:  

An order placed to buy or sell shares that is only good for that day.  If any part of your stock order is still open at the end of the trading day, it will be cancelled.  

With penny stocks, sometimes your limit buy order may not be filled or partially filled at the price you desired at one time and within the same day.  This depends on the current buy and sell trade volume, and the current price trend.  


Good-Til-Cancelled (GTC) - Good until you cancel the order

An order you specify that allows your order to remain open for many days if it remains un-filled.  Your broker will only allow a max number of days your order will remain open on a GTC.  After that max date, your open order is automatically cancelled if not filled before that max date, or before you personally cancel the order.  

You can cancel a GTC order any time you want.  You can also change the bid or ask price of your trade order any time you want without incurring extra broker fees. 

A GTC order will be executed (filled) if the limit price has been reached. The possibilty exists that you could get fills on your GTC trade order on multiple days, in which case you pay a commission for each day you get a fill on that order.  

Some brokers may charge more for this type of order, and/or may limit the time frame of such an order.  

Most of my stock orders are GTC orders.  I do not pay extra for GTC orders.


Logical Order

An order an investor submits and is based on specific customized instructions the investor defines and that is offered by the broker. 

Different types of logical orders exist.  For example, a round-trip Buy/Sell Logical Order provides the ability to both place a buy order and then to place/submit a sell order at the same time; so, if the buy order is filled, then the sell order kicks in.  This kind of order is useful if the share price reaches above one price or falls below a second price that you had anticipated but unable to watch.  

Each trade executed in a round-trip logical order (buy side and sell side) will be charged a commission as a separate trade.  

Not all brokers offer Logical Orders, but Just2Trade does offer the ability to make Logical Orders at no extra charge. Some brokers may charge extra for Logical Orders.  


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